There are many kinds of roses, each suited to individual preferences, needs and growing requirements.Review the primary types of roses to determine the right fit for your garden.
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Hybrid Tea Roses
Hybrid Tea Roses are a Cultivar Group of roses, created by cross-breeding two different types of roses. There are many types of hybrid teas to choose from.
Hybrid Teas Roses are tall, elegant plants producing the classic long-stem rose. They bloom on upright, rather narrow plants, and flowers in flushes of every six weeks or so. They are the cut roses that florists sell and the ones found in the majority of bouquets and arrangements.
The bushes are 3 to 6 feet high, require a space of about 3 feet.Some are more fragrant than others, and some are more disease resistant than other hybrids.
These are tall and vigorous plants that produce flowers singly or in clusters and bloom repeatedly during the season. They are a combination of Floribundas and Teas although a little larger and wider in growth and with a mixture of single bloom stems and cluster bloom stems.
Floribunda roses offer a bouquet on every branch. The small flowers look like elegant hybrid tea blooms but appear in clusters instead of one flower per stem. Floribundas are a cross between polyantha species roses and hybrid teas, combining hardiness, free flowering, and showy, usually fragrant blooms. Sizes of these hardy roses vary from compact and low-growing to a more open habit and heights of 5-6 feet, ideal for tall hedges. The foliage on floribunda roses tends to shrug off diseases, making for a low-maintenance plant that delivers maximum impact with its continuous bloom cycles. Most floribundas require very little spring pruning — just removal of dead or damaged wood.
Shrub roses with clusters of flowers with continuous blooms. They are a similar shape to the Hybrid Teas although they may grow a little taller. The difference is that the blooms grow in clusters and therefore tend to be a little smaller than the Teas. The growth habit is bushy and full. They are usually hardier than hybrid teas.
Shrub roses are ideal for borders or containers. With a cluster of flowers topping each stem, Shrub roses provide an almost constant show of color, and bloom more freely than hybrid teas and grandifloras.
A mixed group of roses with long arching canes that can be trained on a support such as arbors, trellises, fences, and walls. Some are repeat-flowering, some are not.
Climbing roses are one of our customers’ favorite types of roses. They add grace & nostalgia to any garden. From the classic tea rose to the charming country garden blossom, use them on walls & fences, pillar & post, trellis or entrance way. An added bonus is that they require very little pruning. Almost all are repeat bloomers unless noted
These are large plants that will grow to 20 feet and require something to grow on. Vertical space is a must. Some have large flowers and most repeat. They come in all colors with some having singular blooms and others having clusters. ‘Jacobs Coat’ actually changes through three different colors as it matures.
Miniature roses pack a punch of color in a small space. These compact bushes are around 2’ tall with clusters of small, 1-2” lightly scented blossoms. Perfect for small gardens, patio and containers. Miniature roses are true roses, bred to stay small in size. Most mini rosesalso have smaller flowers than standard rose bushes, but they come in a variety of types and colors. Despite their small size, miniature roses are extremely hardy. In fact, they are more winter hardy than most tea roses.
Tree roses are not actually a class of rose but rather a way of growing them. A bush or climbing rose is simply grafted onto a straight trunk, giving the desired treelike appearance.
Tree roses are used as specimen plants, placed strategically where they will be shown off to best advantage. Smaller ones are often used as container plants.
Tree roses are measured by the trunk, not the overall height. A 36″ tree rose is actually about 4 to 5 feet tall. A guide to follow is to add 2 feet plus the trunk height to know about what you are buying. Miniature roses are usually grafted onto trunks only 1 to 2 feet high. Floribundas, hybrid teas, and grandifloras are grown on stock about 3 or 4 feet tall.